Didn't expect it——Fighting malaria isn't that difficult!

/Apr 2022

What is malaria?

Mosquitoes top the list of the 15 most deadly animals to humans, harming more people each year than all the other animals combined. As well as sucking human blood, mosquitoes spread a variety of diseases.

Malaria is an insect-borne disease caused by exposure to Plasmodium vivax blood after a mosquito bite.

How severe is malaria?

On 27 October 2017, the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer published a preliminary collation of references to the list of carcinogens, with malaria (caused by Plasmodium falciparum infection in highly endemic areas) in the list of Group 2A carcinogens. (1)

The global prevalence of malaria remains high to date, with approximately 40% of the world's population living in malaria-endemic areas. Malaria remains the most severe disease on the African continent, with around 500 million people living in malaria-endemic regions and about 100 million people worldwide having clinical symptoms of malaria each year, 90% of whom are on the African continent, with over 2 million deaths from malaria each year. Southeastern and Central Asia are also areas where malaria is rampant. Malaria is still endemic in Central and South America (2). Meanwhile, the burden of malaria in some countries in Africa is on the rise, influenced by factors such as the COVID-19 epidemic and a reduction in the proportion of international funding.

World Malaria Map

China's experience in the fight against malaria

Over the past few decades, China has worked tirelessly to eliminate malaria. Removing the transmission cycle between the malaria-transmitting Anopheles mosquito and humans, developing anti-malarial drugs, and developing new detection methods (3) have seen the number of malaria infections in China drop from 30 million to 0. Many people may not be aware of the magnitude of this achievement, as malaria hasn't been heard of around for a long time. But if you look around the world or go back 70 years, malaria is a familiar evil that has stayed with us.

From familiar to unfamiliar, from 30,000,000 to 0, it was a triumph of the national effort.

On 29 June 2021, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially declared China utterly free of malaria, becoming the 40th country in the world to achieve so (4). In a statement, Pedro Alonso, director of the WHO's Global Malaria Programme, said that China's ability to think out of the box had served the country well in its response to malaria.

National malaria incidence, 1950-2019, Source: China CDC Dynamics

Bringing China's experience of defeating malaria to the world

The world is one, and no country can stay out of the way when disease strikes.

China's success has not only benefited the Chinese people, but the experience of fighting malaria is increasingly appearing in the world.